A dental unit is the necessary work tool of every dental professional. This dental unit consists of specific parts that include the dental chair, stool, lighting, hydric box, aspiration, cuspidor and other elements that we will explain below.
According to the line, the range and brand of the dental chair, those items will be different and will have specific functionalities. In this article we show you the parts of a dental chair, its advantages and characteristics according to the model:
What parts does a full dental unit have?
We start with the basics. The dental chair is one of the most important parts of every dental unit, both for the patient and for the dentist. In this sense ergonomics plays a very important role.
Each chair is formed by a seat, a headrest, a backrest and armrests. The chair can be a standard traditional dental chair or a knea-break chaire (Series 7). Some things to take into account when choosing a good chair is that it is adjustable, rigid, is made of quality materials and is ergonomic. In this case, the minimum height of the chair is located at 400 millimeters, it has a multi-position articulated head and chair movements can be made through the control pedal and keyboards.
The spittoon is the container that is placed next to the dental chair so you can rinse and salivate during the process. In this case, the cuspidor cup is made with porcelain, it is removable and autoclavable. To this we add that the tap is removable so that it can be cleaned in a much simpler way.
The aspirator is a small tube used to suction the saliva that accumulates in the mouth or small particles of the cavity. Both the aspiration system and the cuspidor are placed to the left of the chair in the case of right-handed, and vice versa if left-handed. If you are interested in ambidextrous and left handed dental equipment you can find the options that we have available in this article:
The pedal in a dental unit serves to activate the rotation of the different instruments, for example regulating the chair or activating the water of the water group. In the SD 150 model the pedal is progressive and has control of the micromotor through a potentiometer.
In addition, there are also other wireless pedals with Wi-Fi connection, as in the ANCAR series 5. The great advantage is that it is much easier to move, more practical, cleaner and safer, in addition to having a long life of autonomy. The recharges are made every 4 or 5 months and you can work with cable while recharging.
Instrument tray or table
The instrument tray is one of the most necessary and useful tools for every professional. The instrument tray holds all needed instruments for the dentist to work with. The way of working of each professional is different. There are professionals who prefer the continental system or whip, others who prefer hanging hoses or cart.
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Intraoral lighting lamp
And finally, we finish the tour of the parts of a dental unit with lighting. The intraoral lighting lamp is another of the basic elements that all dental equipment must have. It is a high intensity lamp that concentrates the entire beam of light inside the patient’s oral cavity to be able to work without any type of problem. Look for yours among the most popular lamps sold among dentists.
Parts of a dental chair: What are its advantages?
Now that we have seen in depth what are the parts of the dental chairs, we will explain what their advantages are compared to other models.
The Series 1 consists of an armchair placed at a minimum height of 400 millimeters, so that intervention in the upper parts is facilitated.
In addition, it has a multiposition articulated head, so that the professional can move it with total peace of mind. We also find that the movement of the chair is also possible thanks to a regulating pedal and the main keyboards and the assistant.
You can choose between several ways of working: hanging hoses (SD175), continental system (SD150), system with dental cart (SD60)